Two scientists, Shinya Yamanaka of Japan and John b. Gurdon United Kingdom origin, won the Nobel Prize for medicine for their work concluding in stem cells or stem cell.
The scientist couples got this honor due to find a mature cells can be returned to diprogam to be pluripotent.
Cells that are already mature and highly specialised can programmed back so be cells that do not mature and are able to develop into a network for the human body.
In a statement, the Nobel Committee said they have made revolution in science because of the change in total “understanding of our understanding of how cells and organisms in development”.
In 1962, John Gurdon taking genetic information of a cell taken from the intestines of frogs and placing it into an egg cell develop into tadpoles were normal.
While Shinya Yamanaka saw that the mouse cells can be developed into highly specialised stem cells by inserting four genes. the result is that stem cells can be transformed into other types of cells.
Yamanaka is a professor at Kyoto University in Japan and John b. Gurdon currently working in Gurdon in Cambridge.
Under the shadow of the economic crisis, the Nobel Foundation to reduce the prize money to be 8 million kronor–or about US $ 1.2 million-for each field of the 10 million Swedish krona that went into effect in 2011.
This year’s prize-awarding ceremony will be held in the capital of Sweden, Stockholm, on December 10, in conjunction with the commemoration of the death of Alfred Nobel in 1896.
Last year, the Nobel Prize in Medicine awarded to three scientists, Bruce Beutler from the United States, Jules Hoffman from Luxembourg and Canada scientist, Ralph Steinman, because the research that they do in the human immune system.